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Millet

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MILLET (Panicum Miliaceum)
--------------------------
MILLET (Panicum Miliaceum) is a small yellow grain with a mild, sweet
flavor. Millet is native to Africa and Asia; there is evidence of
cultivation since the 5th century BCE. Millet is a seed of an annual grass.
Millet is a common ingredient in bird seed. Recently, with the growing
interest in healthy eating, millet has become better known as a tasty
alternative to rices.

Millet is great when dry roasted, cooked then marinated. Millet is high in
many essential amino acids and is a good companion grain with rice, corn or
oats. Millet has a very adaptable flavor, and as such is easy to cook with.
As with all grains, millet is an interesting alternative to rice. 

One cup of dry millet yields three cups of cooked. One cup of millet
requires three cups of liquid, it should cook for 40 minutes. Millet can be
dry roasted to increase the nutty flavor of the grain.

From: http://www.sendit.com/gourmet/graininfo.html


Millet Mashed Potatoes
----------------------
    2 tablespoons canola oil or mustard oil
  1/2 teaspoon mustard seeds
3 1/2 cups cooked millet
    1 large potato, cooked and mashed
    1 teaspoon fresh ginger
  1/2 teaspoon curry powder
      oil for frying

Heat the oil in a frying pan, add the mustard seeds and cook until they
'pop.' Remove from the heat and add to the millet. Add the mashed potato
and spices. Mix well. Place a small amount of oil in a medium size frying
pan and turn the millet-potato mixture into the pan. Fry briefly. 

From: http://www.sendit.com/gourmet/milletrecipe.html


Any ideas on how to cook millet - interestingly? [Helen Duffett]
----------------------------------------------------------------
Responses in: rec.food.veg.cooking

From: Danila Oder on 11 Jul 1996.

Two suggestions:

I always wash, drain, and pan-toast the millet until slightly
colored in a dry frying pan. Then cook in boiling water. The
toasting improves the flavor.

What about using it in place of couscous or bulgur in salads?
I once did a nice "Southwestern (USA) millet salad" with chopped
vegetables and a lime-juice-based dressing with a little cayenne
and cumin.

From: jmolina1 at worldbank.org on 12 Jul 1996.

If you have an electric rice/vegetable steamer, you might want to try this.
My machine is plastic, not one of the metal ones.

Rinse 1/2 cup of millet under water. Rinse 1/2 cup of quinoa very well
under water (to remove bitter outer coating). Place grains in machine's
rice basket with 2 cups of liquid, such as vegetable broth, with some
chopped green onion, or chopped celery, or grated carrot. Then add Italian
seasoning (or your favorite dried herbs). Stir well. Fill the bottom of the
steamer with water, and steam the grains until done and fluffy, about 45
minutes.

The combination of millet and quinoa gives a nice, mild, delicate flavor.

From: Judith Haviland Neergaard on 12 Jul 1996.

I always make super mashed potatoes. I boil about 1/2 cup of dry millet
with 3 pounds of potatoes and mash all together. This way I know my non
meat eating children get some protein in that meal or that my husband's
grandfather does when he visits. (Grand dad is an old farmer who likes
his potatoes and gravy)


Delicious Millet "Mashed Potatoes"
----------------------------------
1 cup millet
2 1/2 cup water, filtered or spring
1/2 medium-size cauliflower, sliced into thin pieces
1/2 t. sea salt
3 cloves garlic, cut in pieces
1 T. olive oil
3 T. fresh lemon juice
2 T. fresh lemon juice
2 T. water
pinch sea salt
pinch freshly ground pepper
1 T. parsley finely chopped

Rinse the millet and drain. Slice the cauliflower into thin pieces so it
will cook with the millet. Put the water, millet, cauliflower, and garlic 
into a heavy saucepan and cook for 7 minutes on medium heat. Take pan off 
the heat, cover, and let sit for 20 minutes to steam. Mash well with a 
potato masher. Blend the olive oil, lemon juice, water, salt and pepper 
and add the mashed millet and combine well. Serve sprinkled with finely 
chopped parsley.

Serves: 4
Time: 30 minutes 

From: tagonline.com/Ads/Recipes/Shannon/mashedpotatoes.html [now dead]


Millet "Mashed Potatoes"
------------------------
Tara McDermott: I always tend to crave the "heartier" foods, so I made this
up for lunch. The millet cauliflower puree is from Friendly Foods, as is 
the gravy, which has been modified so much, I should say it's my own 
recipe. There is no added fat (unless you count the small amount of miso), 
but it's rich tasting and great! Tell me what you think of it.

1 cup millet
2 cups cauliflower, in small pieces
3 cups water
Salt and pepper to taste
Optional: garlic powder, dill, or any other spices you like

In a medium-large saucepan, combine all ingredients and bring to a boil. 
Cover, and lower to a simmer for 45 minutes. Check when there is about 20 
minutes left. You probably have to add a 1/2 cup more water (I always do) 
to prevent it from burning. You may even only want to cook it for 40 
minutes. When done, mash with a potato masher or leave as is.

I think this is delicious on its own, but some of you may like this
gravy....

From: FatFree.com: millet-mashed-potatoes recipe


Millet-Cauliflower
------------------
Judith Thomas: I got this recipe from Brother Ron Pickarski's Friendly 
Foods. It's also in an old Vegetarian Times. We like it a lot.

1 cup millet
1 cup chopped cauliflower
1 tsp. salt (optional)
1 medium to large onion, chopped 

Optional toppings: scallions, pepper, or cayenne.

Wash millet well; drain. Place in pressure cooker or large saucepan. Add 
cauliflower, salt, and onion. Add 2 cups water if using pressure cooker; 
3 cups if cooking in sauce pan. Stir to mix.

If using pressure cooker: Bring to boil; place lid on cooker. Bring to 
pressure. Turn down heat to lowest temperature necessary to keep cooker 
at pressure. Cook 15 minutes. Bring down pressure by quick-release method 
and remove lid. Stir to "mash." Serve hot.

If using saucepan: Bring to a boil. Turn down heat to a simmer, cover and 
simmer until water is absorbed, about 40 minutes. Stir to "mash". Serve 
hot with your choice of toppings. Makes 4 servings.

Note: I think this is a little bland, so I add cayenne pepper and 
sprinkle in some nutritional yeast to give it a little "kick".

From: FatFree.com: millet-cauliflower recipe


TO and GOMBOSAUCE
-----------------
This is one of the mostly cooked West African dishes!

1000g millet- or sorgoflour (Pennisetum americanum
or Sorghum bicolor; Poaceae)
("sorgo" is also known as "DURRA" or "MOHRENHIRSE" anyway
it's a kind of millet)
500 g gombo (=okra)(Hibiscus esculentes; Malvaceae)
1 onion
1 chili (hot!)
oil (karite oil/shea butter if possible)
salt
water
500 g beef

TO: Boil 1 liter of water. Put 100 g of sorgoflour into cold water stir it.
Mix it with the boiling water. Stir it immediately with a wooden spoon and 
keep on stirring. Reduce heat. Add every 2 minutes 100 g of flour into the 
boiling mush until "To" is getting sticky and solid. Keep it hot.

GOMBOSAUCE: Cut the meat in slices and boil it with 300 ml water, season
it with salt. Boil it until the water is gone. Add oil (ca. 10-15 cl) and 
fry the meat. Add chopped onion, sliced gombo and chili and stir until it's
done. Add a cup of water. Boil it with reduced heat and stir every 3 
minutes, until its very sticky and gelatinized. Serve TO and GOMBOSAUCE on 
two different plates. Take a piece of TO and mix it with Gombosauce. Enjoy!

From: Ulrich Forster, posted to rec.food.recipes: Cameroon, West African
Dishes on 18 Feb 1994.


Buckwheat and Millet Pancakes
-----------------------------
Description: Wheat-free, dairy-free!

3/4 cup   buckwheat flour 
1/4 cup   millet flour 
 2 tsp    baking powder 
 1        egg 
 1 TBS    oil 
 1 cup    water (to desired consistency) 

From: Walter's Web: Recipes


Millet
------
Millet is a round, yellow seed-like grain that is consumed whole and
unpolished. When cooked, the small grains swell into a fluffy cereal high
in protein, iron, magnesium and potassium. In the United States, the value
of millet has not been fully realized; it is most frequently used for hay
and animal feed. Outside of the U.S., millet is a staple food in China,
India, Ethiopia, and other Asian and African countries.

From: http://nickel.ucs.indiana.edu/~jbailey/grains.html [now dead]


Pumpkin-Millet
--------------
1/2 cup    millet grain
  1 cup    diced pumpkin
  2 tbs    thyme
  2 cups   water

Wash and drain the millet thoroughly, and then dry roast it until it's
smoking and well browned, which may not be for about ten minutes. (See the
notes on dry roasting grains.) Cut part of a pumpkin shell into roughly
cubic pieces. Either orange or green pumpkins are ok, the sweeter the
better. Combine it with the roasted millet, thyme, and water, and pressure
cook it for 25 minutes. This recipe might also work with boiling for 35
minutes rather than pressure cooking, though I haven't tried it that way.
My former flatmate Jo Weir deserves the credit for this one and partial
credit for the previous one.

From: FatFree.com: pumpkin-millet recipe


Magenta-Millet Pilaf
--------------------
Michelle Dick: This is from Lorna Sass's Great Vegetarian Cooking Under 
Pressure. It's an absolutely gorgeous dish, perfect for any holiday (esp
Christmas, since it has a bright crimson color, speckled with green mint). 
I adjusted the spices to suit my tastes and the recipe is listed as I made 
it. I used a T-Fal pressure cooker and a flame tamer. No burning millet 
whatsoever.

1 cup millet, rinsed and drained
2 cups boiling water
1/2 lb beets, scrubbed, trimmed, and cut into 1/2 inch dice (no need
        to peel.  I used 3 bulbs, slightly over 1/2 lb, even a bit
        more would be OK)
1/2 t salt
1/8 t allspice (I really don't think this did anything for the dish,
        however) 
----
1 T fresh orange zest (you should need 2 oranges for this recipe)
2 T minced fresh mint
6 T fresh orange juice
salt, to taste

Heat nonstick or cast iron skillet over high heat. Toast millet till
it gives off a nice popcorn smell and starts to dance about the pan.
Place millet in pressure cooker pot when done.

Heat flame tamer and place pressure cooker on top. Add boiling water,
beets, salt, and allspice to pressure cooker. Lock lid and bring up
to high pressure. When high pressure is reached, turn down heat to
maintain pressure and hold for 10 minutes (set a timer).

Meanwhile, zest one of the oranges. You should get a yield of 1 T, if
not, use the other orange as well. (If you don't have a zester, use a
sharp potato peeler to delicately remove just the orange peel, leaving
the bitter white pith behind.) Mince the orange zest. Set aside.
Squish the oranges without breaking them by rolling them between your
hands and the counter. This will make juicing go easier. Cut in half
and juice. You should get 6 T or so. Since oranges vary in
sweetness, you will want to add the orange juice by taste.

Mince the mint and set aside.

After the 10 minutes are up on the pressure cooker, turn off heat and
move it to a cold burner. Let sit for 10 minutes and then take cooker
to sink. Run under cold water to release any residual pressure and
remove lid.

Add mint and zest. Add orange juice to taste, and salt if needed.
Serve.

This dish looked stunning in my black octagonal serving dish. A
splash of lemon or lime might also be tasty.

From: FatFree.com: magenta-millet-pilaf recipe


Cooking Times and Yields for Millet
-----------------------------------
COOKING TIMES AND YIELDS FOR (1 CUP) WHOLE GRAINS
Millet, 2 to 3* cups water, cook 35 to 40 minutes, yield 3 1/2 cups
* Use the greater proportion of water for a porridge-like consistency.

From: [now dead]
http://phoenix.uchsc.edu/days/cl/food/general/BEANS.soaking-cooking.times


Spinach and Millet with Lentils
-------------------------------
1 large         onion, chopped
2 cloves        garlic, minced
2 teaspoons     cumin
1 teaspoon      paprika
1 teaspoon      ground black pepper
1/2 teaspoon    salt
1 lb            spinach
1/4 lb          mushrooms
2 medium        courgettes/zucchini

1/2 cup         red lentils
1 cup           millet
1 lb            peeled tomatoes (a can of chopped tomatoes:-)
1-1/2 tsp       salt

sufficient      tomato puree to thicken

In a frying pan fry the garlic, onion, paprika and cumin in some water.
Simmer with a lid on for a couple of minutes. Add the mushrooms and the
courgettes and simmer for a few minutes more. Add the shredded spinach,
salt and pepper and simmer till the spinach reduces down.

In a separate pot boil the millet and the lentils till cooked. Millet
usually takes longer than red lentils so wait for five minutes before
adding them. As the millet and lentils absorb the water put in the
chopped peeled tomatoes and the salt. Continue simmering till the millet
is tender, adding more water if necessary.

Combine the millet and lentil mix with the spinach. Add tomato puree to
thicken. Simmer for another couple of minutes.

From: FatFree.com: spinach-millet-lentils recipe
Originally from Archive.org


Vegetable Nut Appetizers
------------------------
Adapted by Tanya (Supermom) Coad from Vegetable Walnut Patties in John
Robbin's May All Be Fed.

In a medium saucepan, bring 1 1/2 cups of water to a boil and add:

    1/2 cup millet 

Cover saucepan, reduce heat, and simmer until water is absorbed, about 20 -
30 minutes. In a large frying pan heat
1 TBS vegetable oil then add:

    1 stalk celery, chopped
    1 medium onion, chopped 

Cook until softened, about 6 minutes. Transfer to a large bowl and add:

    3 slices bread, chopped into small cubes
    1 1/2 cups cooked brown rice
    1 cup fresh parsley, chopped
    2 cups walnuts (or pecans or almonds)
    1 medium carrot, grated
    1/2 cup fresh basil, chopped or 2 tsp. dried basil
    2 TBS fresh thyme, chopped or 1 tsp. dried thyme
    3 TBS tamari
    1/4 tsp. sea salt
    1/4 tsp. pepper 

Mix in millet, stirring until well blended. Use spoon to measure small
mounds onto nonstick cookie sheet. If
desired, spinkle lightly with:

    Sesame seeds 

Pour off excess seeds before placing in oven. Bake at 400 degrees Farenheit
for 20 - 30 minutes

Serve warm

From: EarthSave Canada: The Kitchen


Millet Stew (Vegan)
-------------------
1 cup    millet
4 cup    water
2        onions - cut in wedges
2        potatoes - cut in large chunks
2        carrots - cut in large slices
1 cup    celery - cut in large slices
1/2 lb   mushrooms - chopped
2        bay leaves
1/2 tsp  basil
1/2 tsp  thyme

Toast millet in dry skillet for about 5 minutes. Stir constantly to
prevent burning. 

Add all ingredients to crockpot and cook 4 hours at high or 8 hours at
low. (Servings: 6)

From: artemis@rahul.net (Michelle Dick)
Source: The McDougall Health-Supporting Cookbook: Volume One
Found at: Crockpot Recipes: COLLECTION


30 Minute Cream of Grain Cereal
-------------------------------
1/4 c. freshly ground brown rice or millet with honey or molasses
cinnamon
pure vanilla extract.
1 c. almond milk, sweetened
1/4 c. raisins

Put almond milk, ground grain and raisins in a pot. Bring just to the
boiling point, stirring constantly, until the grain flour has absorbed the
liquid. Turn off the heat and cover the pot. Put the pot over a double
boiler on a low simmer for 20-30 minutes.

Optional: Add sliced bananas and/or nut milk.

From: Hot Cereals: Start Your Morning-and the New Year-Right, by Carol A.
Nostrand


Basic Millet
------------
as prepared at Dr. Gabe Mirkin's Fat Free Clinic

 1 cup millet
 2 cups bouillon

Bring the bouillon to a boil, stir in the millet and return to boiling.
Reduce the heat, cover and simmer for 20 minutes, or until the liquid is 
absorbed. The millet should be tender but not mushy. Remove the pot from 
the heat and let it stand, covered, for 10 minutes. Fluff with a fork and 
serve.

Like kasha, you can toast millet before cooking if you wish. Place a dry
frying pan on a medium-hot burner, add the millet and stir for 2-3 minutes 
or until the grains begin to brown lightly and pop. Remove from the heat 
and add to the boiling bouillon.

Yield: About 3 cups

From: DrMirkin.com


Millet Pilaf with Carrots and Leeks
-----------------------------------
Well, I'm going to be making a millet pilaf this week, with carrots and 
leeks...

Posted by Lori Ann Selke to rec.food.veg.cooking on 12 Apr 1997.


Cauliflower Marranca
--------------------
2	tablespoons margarine
1/2	lemon, juiced
1/2	head cauliflower, large, cut in flowerettes
2	cloves minced garlic
	dried basil, to taste
1 1/2	cups millet, cooked, buttered (or brown rice)
1 1/2	cups lowfat cheddar cheese, grated, mixed with Monterey Jack
	paprika
	MILLET-NOT-MUSH
1/2	large, chopped onion

Precook Millet.

Saute mushrooms & onion in margerine & lemon juice. Remove with a slotted 
spoon (sans juice) to a large mixing bowl.

Add garlic, basil, salt & pepper to pan and saute cauliflower. Remove to
the large mixing bowl along with all other ingredients. Mix well and pour 
into casserole dish. Dust with Paprika.

Bake, covered, 1/2 hour at 350. 4 Servings.

Amount Per Serving
Calories  442        Calories from Fat  107
Percent Total Calories From: Fat 24%. Protein 21%. Carb 54%.

Nutrient		Amount per	% Daily
			Serving		Value
Total Fat		12	g	18%
  Saturated Fat		4	g	22%
Cholesterol		23	mg	8%
Sodium			196	mg	8%
Total Carbohydrate	60	g	20%
  Dietary Fiber		1	g	4%
  Sugars		0	g
Protein			24	g

Posted by Jim Barricks to rec.food.veg.cooking on 15 Apr 1997.


Millet-not-mush
---------------
This is one of the more mush-inclined grains, but if you follow these 
directions, you stand a good chance of having differentiated millet 
particles instead of paste.

1	cup millet
1 1/2	cups water
1	tablespoon Fleischmann's margarine

Bring water to a boil by itself first. Then add margarine and sprinkle in 
the millet.Stir briefly, and partially cover. Turn heat to low.

Cook the millet for 15 to 20 minutes only!!! Stir with a fork halfway 
through cooking and again at the end. This time, it is desireable that the 
trapped steam escape, otherwise it will keep cooking the millet even after 
it is removed from the direct heat. So fluff it with a fork, A LOT, after 
it is cooked, and leave it uncovered. This is the best deterrent to 
mushiness. Add salt after it is cooked.
 4  Servings

Amount Per Serving
Calories  188        Calories from Fat  21
Percent Total Calories From: Fat 11%. Protein 12%. Carb 77%.

Nutrient		Amount per	% Daily
			Serving		Value
Total Fat		2	g	4%
  Saturated Fat		0	g	2%
Cholesterol		0	mg	0%
Sodium			4	mg	0%
Total Carbohydrate	36	g	12%
  Dietary Fiber		1	g	2%
  Sugars		0	g
Protein			6	g

Posted by Jim Barricks to rec.food.veg.cooking on 15 Apr 1997.


Millet and Cauliflower Recipe
-----------------------------
I have used this in the past especially when I have guests who cannot eat
nightshades like potatoes or peppers; it is a good swap for mashed potato.

1 cup of dried uncooked millet
1 head of cauliflower
1 teaspoon onion powder
4 cups of water (less if you want a drier result)
Pinch of sea salt

Sort the millet for any stones etc as you would for lentils. Wash the place
in a saucepan with the remaining ingredients. Bring to the boil, reduce to
a simmer and cover for 25-30 minutes.

Remove from the heat, let it stand for about 5 minutes then mash with a
potato masher. Serve hot.

I have jazzed this up with fresh herb and dashes of spices like cumin for a
less bland version. If you use about 3 cups of water you can use some to
make pancakes, coat these with sesame seeds and fry lightly on either side.

Posted by Marie Heyes to Yeast-L mailing list on 23 Jun 1997.


Millet Bread
------------
   1 c  Plain yogurt or buttermilk
 1/4 c  Butter
   1 tb Honey
   1 pk Dry yeast
 1/4 c  Warm water
   2    Eggs
   2 c  Millet Flour
 1/2 c  Soy Flour

Combine yogurt and butter in saucepan, heating slowly to melt butter.
Dissolve yeast and honey in the warm water; add yogurt mixture and
blend. Beat in eggs; add flours and beat well.  Pour into well-oiled
4" x 8" loaf pan and let rise for 45 minutes.  Bake at 375 F. for
40-45 minutes or until done.  Cool before cutting.

Source: Arrowhead Mills "Recipes for Special Dietary Needs" tri-fold
Reprinted by permission of Arrowhead Mills, Inc. 
Electronic format courtesy of: Karen Mintzias


Millet
------
Millet is an important staple grain in North China, and India, but is 
little known as a food in the U.S, mostly being used as bird feed. The 
grain kernels are very small, round, and usually ivory colored or yellow, 
though some varieties are darker. The lack of gluten and a rather bland 
flavor may account for the anonymity of this grain here, but it's alkaline 
content is higher than other grains and makes it very easy to digest. It 
also has a higher iron content than any other grain but amaranth. It swells
a great deal when cooked and supplies more servings per pound than any 
other grains. When cooked like rice it makes an excellent breakfast cereal. 
Though it has little gluten of its own, it mixes well with other flours.

From: Food Storage FAQ, ver 2.5, volume one


Millet and Rice
---------------
I usually cook millet with rice: 1 part millet and brown rice to 2 parts
water. I think I've also done the same with straight millet, but you may
need to add a little more water. I seem to remember that it cooks faster
than the rice.
From: Kim Ellis on Yeast-L list


Savory Cereal from the SYDA Yoga Ashram
---------------------------------------
4 cups water
1/4 tsp foenagreek
1/2 tsp cumin
1/2 c. millet

Boil for 30 minutes. Add 1 tbsp unsweetened coconut, 1 chopped green chili,
1 tsp fresh ginger juice (I just chop up about 1 tsp of ginger) 1 finely
chopped tomato is optional. Cook for 10 more minutes. Add chopped cilantro
for garnish.
From: Kim Ellis on Yeast-L list


Millet-Cauliflower Mash
-----------------------
Here is a recipe that my friends like..
Millet Mashed in place of mash. potatoes

3 cups uncooked millet
1 head cauliflower
6 c. boiling water or stock

Pressure cook 45min. (or just cook together) till done. then mash it all
together..sometimes after mashed I add 1/2 cup or so of peas...put in baking
dish and bake 30 min...it just makes the flavor come together...

You can make a sesame seed gravy for over it...

From: Claudia (raven5/telenet), posted to rec.food.veg.cooking on 17 Mar 1999.
 

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